Artificial intelligence enables computers and machines to mimic the perception, learning, problem-solving, and decision-making capabilities of the human mind.
Definition of Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.
Whether we realize it or not, artificial intelligence is all around us and playing an active role in our daily lives. Every time we open our Facebook newsfeed, do a Google search, get a product recommendation from Amazon or book a trip online, AI is lurking in the background. Artificial Intelligence is becoming a part of our life and we are welcoming it in every field of our life.
Artificial Intelligence is looking very cool and science fiction. And now it is becoming crystal clear that it is not only fiction as in the UK Walmart is going to replace their workers with AI robots.
Prerequisites for Artificial Intelligence?
As a beginner, here are some of the basic prerequisites that will help you to get started with the subject.
- A strong hold on Mathematics – namely Calculus, Statistics and probability.
- A good amount of experience in programming languages like Java, or Python.
- A strong hold on understanding and writing algorithms.
- A good amount of knowledge in discrete mathematics.
- A strong background in data analytics skills.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence:
The applications for artificial intelligence are endless. The technology can be applied to many different sectors and industries. It is being used in many fields such as:
In speech recognition, the computer takes input in the form of sound vibrations. This is done by making use of an analogue-to-digital converter that converts the sound waves into a digital format that the computer can understand. It is done by AI.
Uber, Lyft, and other ride-share services use artificial intelligence to match up passengers with drivers to minimize wait times and detours, provide reliable ETAs, and even eliminate the need for surge pricing during high-traffic periods.
Another famous example is based on the proliferation of Artificial Intelligence chatbots across industries, and every other website we seem to visit. These chatbots are now serving customers during odd hours and peak hours as well.
Automated stock trading
Designed to optimize stock portfolios, AI-driven high-frequency trading platforms make thousands or even millions of trades per day without human intervention.
Virus and spam prevention
Once driven by rule-based expert systems, today’s virus and spam detection software employ that can learn to detect new types of viruses and spam as quickly as cybercriminals can dream them up. As it is becoming a question mark(?) for cybersecurity experts.
Amazon Go(New shopping Technology)
Amazon Go is an innovative experience for shopping. Here is not any cashier or any line. You may enter Amazon Go and get your product, money will be automatically transferred to your Amazon Go wallet. You just need to open an account and get your card.
Now, whenever you want to buy something you just need to scan your card. Here artificial intelligence sensors are working which detects prices. When you pick any product, it will automatically be added to your cart list. As soon as you leave the store, money will be deducted.
AI technology can identify and classify objects, people, writing, and even actions within still or moving images. Typically driven by deep neural networks, image recognition is used for fingerprint ID systems. Now it is used in human surveillance during Covid-19. China has adopted this AI technology.
Natural language processing
It enables a software application, computer, or machine to understand, interpret, and generate human text. As the machine knows only 0 and 1. As we are programmers we use interpreters such as visual code studio which is an AI application. And I like visual code studio.
Career opportunities in Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the tech sector. And as you can see clearly, the scope of AI has expanded into many sectors, including healthcare, transport, and security. Due to such growth, multiple industries require the expertise of skilled AI professionals. If you want to continue your career in this field then it’s the right time to initiate your step. It will give you a lot of rewards in future. As we all know AI is the future. According to the world economic forum, Artificial is one of the top two jobs which are more demanding in future. Here is the list:
Get a better feel About Artificial Intelligence
To get a better understanding of Artificial intelligence you should watch the following movies & web series:
- Eagle Eye (All time my favourite)
- Better than us
- The Matrix